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Correlating Indoor and Outdoor Temperature and Humidity in a Sample of Buildings in Tropical Climates

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posted on 07.05.2021, 15:43 by Jin Pan, Julian Tang, Miguela Caniza, Jean-Michel Héraud, Evelyn Koay, Hong Kai Lee, Chun Kiat Lee, Yuguo Li, Alejandra Nava Ruiz, Carlos Francisco Santillan-Salas, Linsey Marr
The incidence of several respiratory viral infections has been shown to be related to climate. Because humans spend most of their time indoors, measures of indoor climate, rather than outdoor climate, may be better predictors of disease incidence and transmission. Therefore, understanding the relationship between indoor and outdoor climate will help illuminate their influence on the seasonality of diseases caused by respiratory viruses. Indoor-outdoor relationships between temperature and humidity have been documented in temperate regions, but little information is available for tropical regions, where seasonal patterns of respiratory viral diseases differ. We have examined indoor-outdoor correlations of temperature, relative humidity (RH), and absolute humidity (AH) over a 1-year period in each of seven tropical cities. Across all cities, the average monthly indoor temperature was 25±3°C (mean ± standard deviation) with a range of 20–30°C. The average monthly indoor RH was 66±9% with a range of 50–78%, and the average monthly indoor AH was 15±3 g/m3 with a range of 10–23 g/m3. Indoor AH and RH were linearly correlated with outdoor AH when the air-conditioning (AC) was off, suggesting that outdoor AH may be a good proxy of indoor humidity in the absence of AC. All indoor measurements were more strongly correlated with outdoor measurements as distance from the equator increased. Such correlations were weaker during the wet season, especially when AC was in operation. These correlations will provide insight for assessing the seasonality of respiratory viral infections using outdoor climate data, which is more widely available than indoor data, even though transmission of these diseases mainly occurs indoors.

History

Publisher

University Libraries, Virginia Tech

Language

English

Location

Antananarivo, Madagascar; Blacksburg, VA, USA; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Guatemala City, Guatemala; Hong Kong, China; Lima, Peru; Singapore, Singapore; Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Mexico